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Principale » Nuclear Test : US revises draft United Nations sanctions proposal on N. Korea: diplomats

Nuclear Test : US revises draft United Nations sanctions proposal on N. Korea: diplomats

12 Septembre 2017

United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley speaks at a UN Security Council meeting over North Korea's new sanctions on September 11, 2017 at the UN Headquarters in NY.

The watered-down resolution does not include sanctions the U.S. wanted on North Korea's national airline and the army, but USA ambassador Nikki Haley told the council after the vote: "These are by far the strongest measures ever imposed on North Korea".

The latest proposed resolution seen by AFP would slap an embargo on natural gas exports to North Korea, place a ceiling on deliveries of refined oil products and cap crude oil shipments at their current level.

Before the vote, the U.S. removed some of the tougher proposals it had announced last week, including a complete oil embargo and measures to freeze the assets of the North Korean leader, Kim Jong Un.

And another comment on Yonhap News said "if we agree to bring nuclear weapons into the Korean peninsula, we will lose the right to say to North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons".

"This is money that North Korea will not be able to put towards its illegal nuclear and missile programmes", Mr Brownlee says. "The North Korean regime has not yet passed the point of no return", she said.

Noting that oil "is the lifeblood" of North Koreas effort to build and deliver a nuclear weapon, Haley said the resolution reduces nearly 30 per cent of oil provided to the North by cutting off over 55 per cent of its gas, diesel, and heavy fuel oil.

The US official said the ban on textile exports would deprive North Korea of some $726 million in annual revenue. And it will end the exploitation of DPRK labourers overseas.

Western diplomats portrayed the Monday night vote as a win for global unity in the face of North Korean intransigence and provocations, and pointed out that it represented the toughest sanctions regime imposed on the regime to date.

Nuclear Test : US revises draft United Nations sanctions proposal on N. Korea: diplomats
Nuclear Test : US revises draft United Nations sanctions proposal on N. Korea: diplomats

Merkel told the Frankfurter Allgemeine newspaper on Sunday she was ready to become involved in a diplomatic initiative to end the North Korean nuclear and missiles programme, and suggested the Iran nuclear talks could be a model.

The warning came after the United States had called for a UN vote on Monday in effort to tighten sanctions against North Korea which, despite previous sanctions and explicit warnings from the UN, had continued to conduct tests on nuclear capable missiles and bombs as it looked to increase the range of its weapons, giving it the ability to potentially strike the USA mainland.

China also supplied most of its crude oil to North Korea.

Citing a U.S. official familiar with negotiations, CNN reported that the resolution is created to accomplish six major goals: cap North Korea's oil imports, ban textile exports, end additional overseas laborer contracts, suppress smuggling efforts, stop joint ventures with other nations and sanction designated North Korean government entities.

Estimates from the Japanese Defense Ministry and elsewhere measured the bomb to be somewhere between four and 16 times larger than any of North Korea's previous nuclear tests.

Analysts suggest the changes are an attempt to encourage support for the measures from Russian Federation and China, both of which maintain ties with North Korea.

Early Monday, North Korea said it would not accept any chastisement over its nuclear and missile program, which it says is vital to stave off the threat of an American invasion.

Chinese ambassador to the UN Liu Jieyi implored Pyongyang to "take seriously the expectations and will of the worldwide community" to halt its nuclear and ballistic missile deployment, and asked that all sides remain "cool-headed" by avoiding an increase in rhetoric that could heighten tensions.

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Pewds continued, "I'm not going to make any excuses to why it did, because there are no excuses for it". Added Kjellberg, "It's not that I think I can say or do whatever I want and get away with it".

Nuclear Test : US revises draft United Nations sanctions proposal on N. Korea: diplomats