The Rohingya Muslim ethnic minority in Rakhine has faced systematic persecution for decades at the hands of Myanmar's Buddhist majority, who consider a lot of them to be illegal immigrants from neighboring Bangladesh.
Rohingya fleeing Myanmar have said that members of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, the militant group that claimed it carried out the attacks on Myanmar government forces, have tried to block men from fleeing villages and demanded they stay and fight against the government.
Over the past days, intensifying clashes between security forces and insurgents in western Myanmar have sent terrified civilians scrambling toward the Bangladesh border in a desperate search for refuge.
As many as 400 people have been reported dead in fighting that has rocked the country's northwest, according to Myanmar officials.
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"I appeal to all, all authorities in Myanmar, civilian authorities and military authorities, to indeed put an end to this violence that, in my opinion, is creating a situation that can destabilise the region", he said.
More than 125,000 refugees have flooded across the border into Bangladesh.
Modi, who is on his first bilateral visit to Naypyitaw, met Suu Kyi on Wednesday (6 September) and said he shares Myanmar's concerns about "extremist violence" in Rakhine.
Sobri Lubis, a protest organizer from the Islamic Defenders Front, called for Indonesia to expel Myanmar's ambassador, the United Nations to impose sanctions on Myanmar and for Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi's Nobel Prize to be revoked.
'We know very well, more than most, what it means to be deprived of human rights and democratic protection, ' she said.
The growing crisis threatens Myanmar's diplomatic relations, particularly with Muslim-majority countries in Southeast Asia, where there is profound public anger over the treatment of the Rohingya.
She defended herself saying her government is doing everything to protect the Rohingyas, and slammed the media for promoting the interests of terrorists. Modi's government has taken a strong stance on an influx into India of some 40,000 Rohingya from Myanmar over the years, vowing last month to deport them all.
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