After returning from meetings earlier this week at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley made it clear on Friday that the US wants inspection of Iranian military and non-military sites to determine compliance with the nuclear deal that was reached under the Obama administration.
But at the talks in Vienna she and International Atomic Energy Agency chief Yukiya Amano "discussed US concerns about ensuring Iran strictly adheres to its obligations". "They have the authority to look at any suspicious sites now, it's just are they doing it?"
However, the global community has concerns that based on the first few months of his presidency, President Trump is more likely to do something rash that could result in freeing Iran to pursue its nuclear ambitions by violating the nuclear agreement.
While on the campaign trail, US President Donald Trump called the landmark agreement, brokered by his predecessor Barack Obama, "the worst deal ever negotiated" and vowed to either dismantle or renegotiate it.
Zarif said that Haley's visit with the goal of pressing the agency undermines the agency's independence.
The deal saw Iran shrink its atomic activities and submit to closer IAEA inspections in order to make any dash to make a nuclear bomb extremely hard.
If there are any concerns by the IAEA about "undeclared nuclear materials or activities, or activities inconsistent with the JCPOA, at locations that have not been declared" under safeguard agreements with Iran, the IAEA is required to provide Iran the basis for those concerns and request further clarification.
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"There are also numerous undeclared sites that have not been inspected yet", Haley said.
"Why would they say that if they had nothing to hide?"
Speaking to the Tasnim News Agency on Friday, Hossein Naqavi Hosseini said the country's diplomatic officials and members of the team of negotiators in the nuclear talks with world powers have been invited to attend the National Security and Foreign Policy Commission sessions as part of the process to prepare the third report.
"As good as the IAEA is, it can only be as good as what they are permitted to see", Haley said.
The US Senate had voted to impose sanctions against Iran over its missile program as well as human rights violations in late July. Iran's nuclear chief, Ali Akbar Salehi, issued an ominous warning Tuesday, saying that his country could "resume 20-percent enrichment in, at most five days".
"Iran would not be the first to pull out of the nuclear deal, but it will not remain silent about the United States' repeated violations of the accord", Rouhani said. Under the terms of the nuclear deal, Iran is banned from enriching uranium to that level, which can make it usable in nuclear weapons.
The IAEA has invariably certified Iran's commitment to its obligations under the accord but the Trump administration, which took over in January 2017, one year after the JCPOA came into force, has taken a hostile stance toward the deal, repeatedly threatening to tear it up.
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