The attendees included family members of the victims, Dutch King Wilhem-Alexander and Queen Maxima, and other global guests and politicians.
"To ensure that those responsible for the downing of MH17 are held accountable and brought to justice, the criminal investigation needs the continuing support of the worldwide community", Federica Mogherini, the EU's foreign policy head, said in a statement.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko is calling for justice for 298 people who were killed when a Malaysian airline was shot down three years ago over separatist-controlled eastern Ukraine.
Thus, the ban came into effect from midnight on 17 July, i.e. the day when you were hit by a passenger airliner, which was flying flight MH17.
Global investigators have said the Boeing jet flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur was shot down over war-torn eastern Ukraine on July 17, 2014, by a Russia-supplied missile system that was sacked from territory held by Russian-backed fighters. The global criminal probe has concluded that the missile was sacked from rebel-controlled territory by a mobile launcher trucked in from Russian Federation.
Russian Federation has denied the accusations and denounced the investigation's findings as politically biased.
"The tragedy of Flight MH17, in which so many lives were lost, remains a constant source of sorrow and sadness for the European Union", said Federica Mogherini.
US Embassy in Amman : Jordan is a strategic partner
Jordan initially said the Americans triggered the shooting by disobeying entry rules, a claim that was later withdrawn. Marik al-Tuwayha, had pleaded "not guilty", saying he opened fire because he feared the base was coming under attack.
"We not only want to honour the MH17 victims, but also want to create a place where everyone can keep their memories of the 298 passengers alive".
The commemoration ceremony included the unveiling of a "living memorial" designed by artist Ronald A. Westerhuis and landscape architect Robbert de Koning.
The monument for the victims near Schiphol Airport will be a memorial forest featuring one tree for each of the victims.
The 16-metre-long steel eyebrow above the eye represents "the burden of the loss", the Trouw daily said, adding with time it will rust, a symbol of the slow passage of pain.
Three years on from the tragedy, closure remains elusive for the victims' families.
"We expect all the states that are in a position to assist the investigation and prosecution of those responsible to do so, as demanded by United Nations Security Council Resolution 2166".
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