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Land Dispute near India-China-Bhutan Tri-Junction

08 Juillet 2017

China has been asking India to withdraw its troops from the area in order for a dialogue to take place. The annual Malabar naval drill between India, Japan and the U.S. is set to begin on July 10 in the Indian Ocean, which China has watched closely since Japan became a permanent partner in 2015. "The convention between Great Britain and China relating to Tibet and Sikkim in 1890 states that Sikkim section of the China-India boundary commences at Mount Gipmochi", Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said. China on Friday also said India had "ulterior motives" in claiming that the entire Doklam region, referred to as Donglong by China, as part of a tri-junction between China, Bhutan and India. "The so-called tri-junction point is a point, instead of a line or area". For over a fortnight, China and India have been engaged in a standoff in the Doklam area near Bhutan trijunction after a Chinese army's construction party came to build a road there.

"The illegal trespass by the Indian troops took place at the Sikkim section of the India-China boundary, 2,000 metres away from the Mount Gipmochi", he said.

The Indian government has repeatedly recognised the effectiveness of the 1890 convention, Geng said. If this consensus results in a stronger Chinese military presence in the area, India is likely to react in kind; indeed, it has already increased and upgraded its positions within adjoining Indian territory.

Both countries have been engaging in sharp rhetoric after the Indian troops stopped Chinese engineers from extending a border road through a plateau known as Doklam in India and Donglang in China. "That is absurd and out of ulterior motives", he said.

Geng also claimed India had ulterior motives in expanding the scope of the tri-junction region in the Sikkim sector.

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The Indian troops intervened on June 16 on behalf of Bhutan to stop the road construction by the Chinese.

India has said Beijing's action to "unilaterally determine tri-junction points" violated a 2012 India-China pact which says the boundary would be decided by consulting all the concerned parties.

"The Indian side introduced the idea of tri-junction point into the incident and attempts to enlarge the point into an area".

Bhutan has no formal diplomatic relations with China and is closely allied with India.

Land Dispute near India-China-Bhutan Tri-Junction